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The Map of Lu

It is the rubbing in Song Dynasty, and it is the earliest known city flat map of carved stone.

Ji Gu Wen Yun (The Collected Ancient Literary Rhythm)

It is a grand synthesis of Chinese Paleography in Song Dynasty. It is the edition printed on waste official papers, which was engraved by the highest institution for higher learning in Qi'an County in the 15th year of Shaoxing, Emperor Gaozong, Song Dynasty (1145 AD).


Witness to a Prosecution

This is the first systematic forensic medicine work in the world, which is written by Song Ci in Song Dynasty. The version of this one is from "Ge Zhi Series of Books" edited by Hu Wenhuan in Ming Dynasty.


The Story of Pipa

The Story of Pipa, the edition of Wanhu Xuan in Huizhou in the 38th year of Ming Emperor Wanli, is one of the representatives of woodcuts in Ming Dynasty.


Forget Worry Pure Happy Collection

It's a comprehensiveness work on the theory of Go in Song Dynasty. The rare edition published in Song Dynasty has been conserved by the NLC.


Shui Hu Ye Zi

It's the exquisite woodcut in Ming Dynasty, and it's the classic gambling tool in the end of Ming Dynasty.


Hong Fan Zheng Jian

Hong Fan Zheng Jian, edited by Zhao Zhen, Emperor Renzong in Bei Song Dynasty, collects the theory that man is an integral part of nature from the Confucianism and Taoism with gradual development. It's classified by five elements, and sets out various "Auspicious Verification" and "Catastrophic Verification" of different dynasties since the period of Spring and Autumn, which are combined the natural phenomena with emperors' words & deeds, and the dynasties rise and fall. This manuscript is the unique one preserved in our country with butterfly-fold binding.


Zou Rong's Biography

When he was 18 years old, Zou Rong wrote Revolution Army, the best-selling revolution book in late Qing Dynasty. And then he was found guilty of writing this book. Two years later, he was dead in prison. His inmates Zhang Binglin, famous scholar and revolutionist, wrote biography to commemorate him. Zou Rong's Biography is Zhang Binglin's manuscripts.


Letters collected by Zhao Fengchang

There are 109 volumes of more than 2,000 letters collected in Letters collected by Zhao Fengchang, covering 60 years' history from later Qing Dynasty to the beginning of the Republic of China, which are the important materials for doing research on Qing history, history of the Republic of China, and Xinhai Revolution history.


Shen Ce Jun Bei
One volume (54 pages), for volume, 34cm in height, 23cm in width; for ink axis, 26.5cm in height, 15.5cm in width.

The contents of Shen Ce Jun Bei were composed by Cui Xuan, and the calligraphy was by Liu Gongquan. The contents recorded the event that Li Yan, Emperor Wu Zong in Tang Dynasty, made an inspection tour to the Shen-Ce Forces. The stele was erected in the court in 843 AD, the 3rd year of Emperor Hui Chang, Tang Dynasty, and destroyed by soldiers soon. The rubbing collected by National Library of China was the North-Song version, which was mounted painting in North Song Dynasty. It is the only existing copy home and abroad. There were 2 texts originally, while only the first text survived. The current version had been collected successively by Jia Sidao in the South Song Dynasty, Hanlin Academy in the Yuan Dynasty, inner court of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Wang of the Ming Dynasty, Sun Chengze of the Qing Dynasty, Liang Qingbiao, An Qi, Zhang Rongfang, and so on.


Yu Ji Tu

One piece, 79cm in length, 78cm in width.

The stele was erected in 1136. It is now on exhibit at the Xi'an Beilin Museum in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. The upper side of the map refers to the north, while the lower side refers to the south. More than 500 geographical names are marked on the map, which reflect the panorama of China in Song Dynasty. The water systems are particular detailed, and there are about 80 rivers with definite names. The Yellow River and the Yangtze River are very similar to that in modern maps. The directions of the coastal lines are very accurate. It is the earliest map engraved on stones, and it is also the earliest map which is drawn based on scale. It objectively reflects the map making level in the Song Dynasty, and it is of great significance in the Chinese map history.


Genesis
One volume, 20.1cm in height, 28cm in width.

Genesis reflected the recognition of the ancient Nakhi for the nature and the origin of mankind, presented the process that the ancestors of the Nakhi fought with the nature, depicted the glorious image of the first ancestor of the Nakhi, and revealed the admiration for the wisdom and heroism of the ancestors, with the description of faithful love interweaved in it, so it was considered as a "Saga of Heroes".


Four Direction Wind Oracle Bone
26cm in length, 16cm in width.

There are 4 paragraphs on the surface of Four Direction Wind, which contain 24 characters. The inscriptions are upright and strong, with the style of early Bin Group in the Yin Dynasty. The inscriptions on Four Direction Wind are about the Four Direction Gods and the God of Wind. The Four Direction Winds reflect the phenological phenomena of equinoxes and solstices, four natures and four seasons. The Four Direction Winds from east to north are called Xie, Wei, Yi, Yi respectively, which form a standard time system for people in the Yin Dynasty. The standard time system is an important basis of formulating calendar and intercalary month for the people in Shang Dynasty.



Yongle Encyclopedia, 22,877 volumes, compiled by Xie Jie in Ming Dynasty

This item contained volume 2,535 to volume 2,536, and was located in Hanfenlou originally, and then it was donated to the NLC in the early years of the new China. A piece of paper was sticked in this item, which was the record quoted from Yongle Encyclopedia when the officers compiled the Complete Library of the Four Branches of Literature in 1773, the 38th year of Qianlong Emperor. Compiled during the reign of the Emperor Yong Le, Yongle Encyclopedia was a large general encyclopedia. The body of Yongle Encyclopedia, comprises 22877 volumes, and the notes and contents comprise 60 volumes. There are 11,095 items in all, with 0.37 billion characters.


The Nestorian Stele (The Memorial of the Propagation in China of the Luminous Religion from Daqin)
The stele was erected by Yazdhozid, a Persian monk, in Daqin Temple in the 2nd year of Tang Emperor Jian Zhong. The content was composed by the Persian monk, Jingjing and the calligraphy was by Lv Xiuyan, which recorded the spreading of Nestorianism in the Tang Dynasty. The stele was unearthed in the 3rd year of Ming Emperor Tian Qi. As an important evidence of the spreading of Christianity in China, the stele was paid great attention by the monks from western countries. They translated the contents of the stele into Latin and then sent the Latin to European countries. Now the Nestorian Stele is on exhibit at the Xi'an Beilin Museum in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province.

Xiping Shijing (Stone Classics of the Xiping Reign)
Xiping Shijing was located in the outdoor of Taixue, southern part of Luoyang, the capital city of Han Dynasty. The calligraphy was in Lishu (an ancient style of calligraphy current in the Han Dynasty). There were 7 pieces of Confucian classics in all, including Zhou Yi, Shang Shu, Mao Shi, Yi Li, Chun Qiu, Gong Yang Chuan, and Lun Yu. It was the first stone book with edition significance in Chinese history.

Dharma Garden, Volume 57, compiled by Shi Daoshi, Tang Dynasty
It was one volume of the Zhaocheng Tripitaka of the Jin Dynasty. Because it was the Tripitaka engraved from the 9th year of Jin Emperor Xi Zong, to the reign of Jin Emperor Shi Zong, the Zhaocheng Tripitaka of the Jin Dynasty was called "Jin Zang" by the academic community. Because it was engraved in Tian Ning Temple, Jing Lin Mountain, Jiezhou of Shanxi Province, so it was also called "Jin Buddhist Sutra of Jiezhou Tian Ning Temple Version". In 1933, it was rediscovered in Guang Sheng Temple, Zhao Cheng County of Shanxi Province, so it was also called "Zhao Cheng Zang" for short.

Luji's Theory on the Destruction of a Dynasty

Luji's Theory on the Destruction of a Dynasty was unearthed in Dunhuang Library Cave, labeled as BD15343. It was a hand-written copy in Tang Dynasty with scroll binding. It was authored by Lu Ji (261 AD-303 AD), a writer of West Jin Dynasty, this book narrated the rise and fall of East Wu in the Three Kingdoms Age, introduced the contributions of the Lus, and told that using a man according to his ability is the key to the rise and fall of a country, and told that using a man according to his ability is the key to the rise and fall of a country. It was a famous book among the political essays in ancient times.


Collected Annotations on the Four Books
The Four Books refer to The Analects, Mencius, Doctrine of the Mean, and Great Learning. The Analects had been considered as Jing branch before Sui Shu Jing Ji Zhi, and became one of the Twelve Confucian Classics in Tang Dynasty. Mencius became the classics in Song Dynasty, since then the Thirteen Confucian Classics were formed. Doctrine of the Mean and Great Learning were the articles in The Book of Rites, which was considered as Jing branch. Zhu Xi considered Great Learning as "Entrance to Virtue", while Doctrine of the Mean as "The Confucian teaches courses".

jgj.gif The Diamond Sutra

The volume collected by National Library of China was the hand-written copy with scroll binding of the first year of Feng Yi during the reign of Tang Emperor Gao Zong in 676 AD, labeled as BD14490. The Diamond Sutra was the basic sutra of Chinese Zen as well as an important sutra of Mahayana Buddhism. It was introduced to China in the Southern and Northern Dynasty, and spread extensively. There were many different translation versions and Kumarajiva's was the most popular.


tgkw.gif The Exploitation of the Works of Nature
The Exploitation of the Works of Nature was written by Song Yingxing in the Ming Dynasty. It is a private block-printed version in 1637, the 10th year of the Ming Emperor Chong Zhen. The Exploitation of the Works of Nature was the first comprehensive book on agriculture and handicraft industry in the world, and it was also a great science and technology book in Chinese history, so it was considered as "The Science and Technology Encyclopedia in the 17th Century" by the European scholars. When he was the military instructor of Fen Yi County, Jiangxi Province, he wrote down the technical issues when inspecting agriculture and handicraft industry. In the 10th year of the Ming Emperor Chong Zhen, his friend Tu Shaokui gave him financial support, and then the book was sent to publish. The Exploitation of the Works of Nature recorded many technologies in the ancient time of China before the middle Ming Dynasty. The book was divided into three texts, with 121 maps illustrated. It described the name, shape, procedure of more than 130 technologies and tools, summarized all of the technologies in the ancient time of China, and formed a complete science and technology system.

The Complete Library of the Four Branches of Literature (Wenjinge Edition)
Compiled during the reign of the Qing Emperor Qianlong, the Complete Library of the Four Branches of Literature is the largest collection of books in Chinese history and probably the most ambitious editorial enterprise in the history of the world. It is of great importance in the history of Chinese classics and culture, even in the history of academic ideas.

The Medical Classic of the Yellow Emperor—Su Wen

The medical science was an important part of Chinese traditional culture. The asking and answering of questions about diseases were recorded in the oracle bone inscriptions of 3000 years ago. For individuals, it was a matter of life and death; for nation, it was indirectly related to the people's livelihood, or even national power. Qin Shi Huang ordered the burning of the books, but he reserved books about medicine and planting. Because medicine science directly confronted the human life, and was in close attach with living conditions, medicine science was sacred and powerful in people's eyes.


Map of Jiangxi Province with Explanations
Map of Jiangxi Province with Explanations collected in the National Library of China, a colored-drawing version, was a volume of maps of Jiangxi province from the Ming dynasty made during the reign of the Ming Emperor Wan Li (1573-1620). The volume was 35cm in length, 30cm in width and 3.5cm in thickness, while the original copy in the volume was 28cm in length, and 26cm in width. There are 37 pieces of maps in all, one of which is the general map of Jiangxi Province, with 26 centimeters in length and 56 centimeters in width, and 36 of which are the maps of cities and counties, with 28 centimeters in length and 26 centimeters in width.

Twenty-One Hymns to the Rescuer Mother of Buddhas

Twenty-One Hymns to the Rescuer Mother of Buddhas, collected in the National Library of China, was a hand-written copy made during the reign of Qinglong Emperor in Qing Dynasty (1736-1795), 9cm in height and 16cm in width, 96 leaves together. The binding was unique, its upper side and lower side had protection board. And the calligraphy "Yu Yi Jiu Du Fo Mu Zan" was written in the inner side of the upper board, and the portrait of Green Tara and Red Tara was also on this board.


The Collection of Han Changli's Works
During the Minguo Period, Chen qinghua, a famous book collector in Shanghai, and Zhou Shutao, a famous book collector in Tianjin were honored as "Chen in South and Zhou in North". From 1930s to 1960s, they were very famous in book collection community.

Tao Te Ching

There were many great classics appeared in history, which greatly influenced human social development progress. Tao Te Ching was one of these classics, which was considered as one of mentality masterpieces affecting Chinese culture and nationality personality. It was the source of Chinese thought and culture, or even the Oriental thought and culture, whose effect spanned history, religion, nationality and culture.


Sheng Ping Shu

Sheng Ping Shu was the opera perform office in the court of Qing Dynasty, established in 1827, the 7th year during the reign of Daoguang Emperor. Its predecessor was Nanfu, established during the reign of Kangxi Emperor. The performance event in the court in the early period of Qing Dynasty followed the convention of Ming Dynasty, organized by female players. In 1651, the 8th year of the reign of Shunzhi Emperor, the performance event was organized by eunuch, and the performance event was located in Jingshan Mountain. During the reign of Kangxi Emperor, it was moved to Nanchang Street.


The Manuscripts of General Mirror for the Aid of Government

The National Library of China collects one volume of General Mirror for the Aid of Government, the manuscripts of Sima Guang in Song Danasty, which is 33.8 centimeters in width and 130 centimeters in length, with 29 lines and 460 characters in all. In the end of this volume, there are many prefaces and postscripts written by people in different dynasties.


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